2019 Acura ILX Leasing near Woodbridge, VA

2019 Acura ILX Leasing near Woodbridge, VAPictured above is the 2019 Acura ILX with A-Spec and Technology Packages in Platinum White Pearl. 

There’s a spirited luxury sedan eagerly awaiting your arrival here at Pohanka Acura, and its name is the 2019 Acura ILX! Designed to deliver thrill after thrill while still keeping you safe behind the wheel, the ILX is equipped to satisfy. Plus, you could drive one home for an affordable monthly rate when you choose to lease! Contact us at 703-592-4453 to hear more about the ILX and the many advantages of leasing.

Leasing

For some drivers, the price tag of a brand-new vehicle dissuades them from considering it as a potential driving option. This is where leasing can help! Instead of having to pay off the full value over the course of several years, you’ll only be responsible for covering the depreciated cost of the 2019 ILX over a shorter period of time. Once your term comes to an end, you’ll visit again to discuss how you’d like to proceed. This could mean simply handing in the keys and walking away, or leasing the latest iteration of the ILX. It’s all up to you!

Safety

When you head out the door and hit the open road, you need to feel safe behind the wheel of your vehicle. Thankfully, the 2019 Acura ILX is the type of ride that puts a premium on your wellbeing! Boasting a wealth of protective advancements, this luxury car truly goes the extra mile to guard you from harm. If you ever momentarily lose focus and start to drift, standard Lane Departure Warning1 will bring the error to your attention to help you get back on course. Taking this one step further is the standard Road Departure Mitigation System, which actively bring you back to the center if you don’t make the necessary corrections on your own. For some extra help with those hard-to-see areas, opt for the Blind Spot Information System2.

Performance

Getting to work in the morning is about to get a lot more invigorating once you take home the Acura ILX, as this sedan was born to excite. It all starts with the lively 201-hp and 180 lb.-ft. of torque generated by the 2.4L 4-cylinder engine roaring at the heart of this ride. Tapping into all this vigor is a breeze, thanks to the standard 8-speed dual-clutch transmission that makes accelerating smooth and effortless. Plus, this transmission helps you achieve a commendable fuel economy of 24/34 MPG city/hwy3 to prevent your joyrides down I-95 from any untimely breaks at the pump. Instead, you can take full advantage of the outstanding precision offered by the standard Amplitude Reactive Dampers and multi-link rear suspension.  

This is only the tip of the iceberg! In order to properly experience the ILX, head on down to Pohanka Acura the next time you’re free. We’ll explain the advantages of pursuing our 2019 Acura ILX leasing near Woodbridge, VA, and tell you more about what this vehicle can do. Hopefully, we’ll see you here soon!


Contact Information


Interior of the Acura ILX

Sales Hours

703-592-4453

Crash-Test Ratings

2019 Acura ILX 4 DR FWD

Overall
Full StarFull StarFull StarFull StarFull Star
Front Crash Overall
Full StarFull StarFull StarFull StarEmpty Star
Front Crash Driver
Full StarFull StarFull StarFull StarFull Star
Front Crash Passenger
Full StarFull StarFull StarFull StarEmpty Star
Side Crash Overall
Full StarFull StarFull StarFull StarFull Star
Side Barrier Overall
N/A
Side Barrier Driver
Full StarFull StarFull StarFull StarFull Star
Side Barrier Passenger
Full StarFull StarFull StarFull StarFull Star
Side Pole Driver
Full StarFull StarFull StarFull StarFull Star
Side Combined Front
N/A
Side Combined Rear
Full StarFull StarFull StarFull StarFull Star
Rollover
Full StarFull StarFull StarFull StarEmpty Star

Gear Shift in the 2019 ILX

What Is the Fuel Economy of the 2019 ILX?

  • The 2019 Acura ILX can achieve a fuel economy rating of 24/34 MPG city/hwy3

Dealership Information

Green Score

EPA Green Score ( California LEV-III ULEV125 ?
EPA and California-required standards. The names refer to tables of numerical limits for the various air pollutants allowed by the standards.
)

Fuel Type Gasoline
Air Pollution Score ?
The Air Pollution Score is based on the government emission standards for which the vehicle was certified to comply with and reflects vehicle tailpipe emissions that contribute to local and regional air pollution, creating problems such as haze, and health issues.
3
1
3
10
Greenhouse Gas Score ?
This score reflects fuel emissions of carbon dioxide (CO2) and other greenhouse gases.
6
1
6
10
Smartway ?
SmartWay is a designation earned by those vehicles that have combined Air Pollution and Greenhouse Gas Scores that place them in the top tier (approximately the top 20%) of environmental performers. SmartWay Elite is reserved for the best of the best.
N/A

EPA Green Score ( Federal Tier 3 Bin 125 ?
EPA and California-required standards. The names refer to tables of numerical limits for the various air pollutants allowed by the standards.
)

Fuel Type Gasoline
Air Pollution Score ?
The Air Pollution Score is based on the government emission standards for which the vehicle was certified to comply with and reflects vehicle tailpipe emissions that contribute to local and regional air pollution, creating problems such as haze, and health issues.
3
1
3
10
Greenhouse Gas Score ?
This score reflects fuel emissions of carbon dioxide (CO2) and other greenhouse gases.
6
1
6
10
Smartway ?
SmartWay is a designation earned by those vehicles that have combined Air Pollution and Greenhouse Gas Scores that place them in the top tier (approximately the top 20%) of environmental performers. SmartWay Elite is reserved for the best of the best.
N/A

Additional Vehicle Information

Available Incentives

Call us for current finance incentives!

Testimonials

John Wilson
John Wilson
GOOGLE
6-5-2020
Full Star Full Star Full Star Full Star Full Star

I appreciate this dealership enormously. Kyle Schmidt and Linda Hemmer teamed up to help me get an issue resolved in our newly purchased used car. I have purchased many cars and it is very rare to have, not just one, but two people actively work to get things right. Other dealerships should take notice. This is how to win over a customer!

Allan Walker
Allan Walker
GOOGLE
6-5-2020
Full Star Full Star Full Star Full Star Empty Star

Good, fast fair service

T Graham
T Graham
GOOGLE
6-4-2020
Full Star Full Star Full Star Full Star Full Star
Anhtuan Lu
Anhtuan Lu
GOOGLE
6-4-2020
Full Star Full Star Full Star Full Star Full Star
Sarah P.
Sarah P.
YELP
6-4-2020
Full Star Full Star Full Star Full Star Full Star

My experience was so enjoyable at this dealership! I was treated with great respect and was provided with amazing service. Both of the sales people (Michael Pena and Janaka Miles)and finance person I dealt with were very informative and really provided me with the best costumer service! I have been in other dealerships in the past where people were just very pushy and rude when you were not ready to purchase the car and was just doing research. Thanks Pohanka Acura! You have gained a costumer for life!

Michael St. Rose
Michael St. Rose
GOOGLE
6-3-2020
Full Star Full Star Full Star Full Star Full Star
Prabu R.
YELP
6-3-2020
Full Star Full Star Full Star Full Star Full Star

We recently leased a 2020 MDX. Al and shabash provided excellent customer service. Very friendly and got us a great deal too!! We are loyal Acura customers and now we will only buy Acura from Pohanka!!

John Druitt
John Druitt
GOOGLE
6-3-2020
Full Star Full Star Full Star Full Star Full Star

Just got my inspection for free. Immediate service, very safe environment. Wonderful all around!

Sukhpal Singh
Sukhpal Singh
GOOGLE
6-3-2020
Full Star Full Star Full Star Full Star Full Star

"I have a great experience with acura dealer and also with..."

Ktran51193
DEALERRATER
6-3-2020
Full Star Full Star Full Star Full Star Full Star

I have a great experience with acura dealer and also with youngkim. I appriciate that he tried to help me eveything to get the car

Laura Wilson
Laura Wilson
GOOGLE
6-2-2020
Full Star Full Star Full Star Full Star Full Star
James Styers
James Styers
GOOGLE
6-2-2020
Full Star Full Star Full Star Full Star Full Star
ed mays
ed mays
GOOGLE
6-2-2020
Full Star Full Star Full Star Full Star Full Star
Ellen D.
Ellen D.
YELP
6-1-2020
Full Star Full Star Full Star Full Star Full Star

Stopped by for routine service. Dropped the car off at 9 am and it was ready for pickup in an hour. Great service and experience.

Ellen D.
Ellen D.
YAHOO
6-1-2020
Full Star Full Star Full Star Full Star Full Star

Stopped by for routine service. Dropped the car off at 9 am and it was ready for pickup in an hour. Great service and experience.

james tsou
james tsou
GOOGLE
6-1-2020
Full Star Full Star Full Star Full Star Full Star
Bernadette Toner Whitney
Bernadette Toner Whitney
GOOGLE
6-1-2020
Full Star Full Star Full Star Full Star Full Star
jerry jarding
jerry jarding
GOOGLE
6-1-2020
Full Star Full Star Full Star Full Star Full Star
Yazmin Ali
Yazmin Ali
GOOGLE
6-1-2020
Full Star Full Star Full Star Full Star Full Star

I bought a car at Pohanka Honda in Fredericksburg. Emily helped through the process. She was so attentive, friendly and knowledgeable. I’ve always been worried about this process but she made it easy and stress free. I would definitely recommend her to everyone!

Victoria Windham
Victoria Windham
GOOGLE
6-1-2020
Full Star Full Star Full Star Full Star Full Star

Michael was very helpful and explained everything my car was repaired and cleaned in a timely fashion.

Cam Davis
Cam Davis
GOOGLE
6-1-2020
Full Star Full Star Full Star Full Star Full Star
Quang Trinh
Quang Trinh
GOOGLE
5-31-2020
Full Star Full Star Full Star Full Star Full Star
Saravanan Rajaram
Saravanan Rajaram
GOOGLE
5-31-2020
Full Star Full Star Full Star Full Star Full Star
Daryl Fox
Daryl Fox
GOOGLE
5-31-2020
Full Star Full Star Full Star Full Star Full Star
Erica Palacios
Erica Palacios
GOOGLE
5-31-2020
Full Star Full Star Full Star Full Star Full Star

Great and friendly service.

WwWonderWhiskers B.
WwWonderWhiskers B.
YELP
5-31-2020
Full Star Full Star Full Star Full Star Full Star

We just purchased our first Acura MDX. After doing a good amount of internet research, we went to the nearest Dealership - Pohanka Acura of Chantilly. Here we were pleasantly surprised to discover that Pohanka does tremendous volume, so is able to offer an excellent selection and pricing options. Our initial introduction to the vehicle and first test drive was expertly managed by Mr. Jason Smith. Jason was quick to ascertain our interests, providing good information for those aspects we were most interested in. He had the detailed level of knowledge which we usually need to be aware to make good decisions, and was patient with us. We did take a few days at home to decide, then returned for the sale. Thanks Jason for being a patient, laid-back but super well-informed Salesman - we appreciate - and would absolutely recommend Jason, Pohanka, and so far the MDX as well!

Michele Jakiel
Michele Jakiel
GOOGLE
5-30-2020
Full Star Full Star Full Star Full Star Empty Star
Mario Portales
Mario Portales
GOOGLE
5-30-2020
Full Star Full Star Full Star Full Star Full Star

Very nice and Professional people

Hugh Derr
Hugh Derr
GOOGLE
5-30-2020
Full Star Full Star Full Star Full Star Full Star

Excellent service! Extremely helpful service representative. Very positive experience as usual!

Holli Henning
Holli Henning
GOOGLE
5-30-2020
Full Star Full Star Full Star Full Star Full Star

Love the guys at Pohanka! Erkin was helpful and friendly during my maintenance visit. He kept me updated on the progress of my vehicle and double checked my satisfaction with other aspects of my vehicle. I truly feel like a part of the Pohanka Acura family.

Semhar Tewolde
Semhar Tewolde
GOOGLE
5-30-2020
Full Star Full Star Full Star Full Star Full Star

Steve and his team were amazing. I drive from Arlington to this location just because I cannot imagine customer service being better than this location. Specifically this time because I needed to go back to work after dropping my car off so they provided me with a loaner car although it is not supposed to happen since I was only getting my car routine service. Thank you for always accommodating! I can’t give the credit to only Steve, the whole team deserve it. Keep up the great work team!

Sailesh Kyanam
Sailesh Kyanam
GOOGLE
5-30-2020
Full Star Full Star Full Star Full Star Empty Star

Good service. Reasonable rates with coupons. Not much pressure from service people.

Chris Morere
Chris Morere
GOOGLE
5-30-2020
Full Star Full Star Full Star Full Star Full Star
Shaun Cohen
Shaun Cohen
GOOGLE
5-29-2020
Full Star Full Star Full Star Full Star Empty Star
Bill Ritter
Bill Ritter
GOOGLE
5-29-2020
Full Star Full Star Full Star Full Star Full Star
Silver Nsaka
Silver Nsaka
GOOGLE
5-28-2020
Full Star Full Star Full Star Full Star Full Star
patrick chen
patrick chen
GOOGLE
5-27-2020
Full Star Full Star Full Star Full Star Full Star

Very nice free car pickup/drop service... So I don't need to go out and can stay home while the service is performed....

Aaya Venable
Aaya Venable
GOOGLE
5-27-2020
Full Star Full Star Full Star Full Star Full Star

I bought a MDX last weekend and had a great experience. Farheen is an excellent salesperson. She explained details of pros and cons for various options. She provided excellent customer service and was extremely knowledgeable and helpful. She answered all of our questions and took time to explain the options available. If you’re interested in visiting the Pohanka Acura dealership, I highly recommend Farheen as a sales agent.

Hao Cheng
Hao Cheng
GOOGLE
5-27-2020
Full Star Full Star Full Star Full Star Full Star

"I bought a MDX last weekend and had a great experience."

Nadia
DEALERRATER
5-27-2020
Full Star Full Star Full Star Full Star Full Star

I bought a MDX last weekend and had a great experience. Farheen is an excellent salesperson. She explained details of pros and cons for various options. She provided excellent customer service and was extremely knowledgeable and helpful. She answered all of our questions and took time to explain the options available. If you’re interested in visiting the Pohanka Acura dealership, I highly recommend Farheen as a sales agent.

Michael G.
Michael G.
YELP
5-27-2020
Full Star Full Star Full Star Full Star Full Star

Why can't I give this place 6-stars?!? My second daughter (out of six) had been saving up for a car while she goes to nursing school, found a very new, very well priced car over 8 hours from our home. I reached out to Pohanka, and worked with Joe Rinchuso in the Sales Dept. He was very informative and knowledgeable. Answered all my questions and made us feel so comfortable we drove in from Detroit, MI and purchased the car she really wanted. I really felt like we were treated like family. We were able to do a ton of the process over the phone which made things incredibly easy. Do yourself a favor, don't waste time bouncing around from dealership to dealership. If you want a zero stress/zero hassle experience. Just go right to the best!! Emma loves the car, and Sarah turns 16 in February so you probably haven't seen the last of us. Thanks Joe!!

Nadia S.
YELP
5-27-2020
Full Star Full Star Full Star Full Star Full Star

I bought a MDX last weekend and had a great experience. Farheen is an excellent salesperson. She explained details of pros and cons for various options. She provided excellent customer service and was extremely knowledgeable and helpful. She answered all of our questions and took time to explain the options available. If you're interested in visiting the Pohanka Acura dealership, I highly recommend Farheen as a sales agent.

July King
July King
GOOGLE
5-27-2020
Full Star Full Star Full Star Empty Star Empty Star
Richard B.
YELP
5-25-2020
Full Star Full Star Full Star Full Star Full Star

I worked with Jason Smith to purchase a new Acura and I highly recommend both him and Pohanka Acura. As a salesman, Jason hits the sweet spot -- proactive, knowledgeable, and informative, without being pushy. He worked with us to find just the right model and trim level to fit our family's needs.

Marissa Sherzai
Marissa Sherzai
GOOGLE
5-25-2020
Full Star Full Star Full Star Full Star Full Star

I would usually dread going to get any car services alone because I’ve had so many negative experiences with car shops ripping me off or taking care of people who “know about cars” more than I do. However, I have never experienced anything other than honesty, integrity, and excellent car AND customer service at Pohanka Acura. This is the only place I will go for routine car maintenance, and any additional services I may need. In my most recent visit a couple of days ago, Cedric Singleton was the staff member helping me for the day; he not only provided amazing customer service, but he was extremely positive, friendly, and hospitable during my entire 2.5 hour wait (I had multiple services). He checked in with me every 30 min to provide an update and was very honest about exactly what was being done and why. What services were urgent and timely vs. what could wait a couple of more months, from a cost savings perspective. HE WAS AMAZING! This is the only place I’ll take my car, every time. And from now on, I’ll specifically be asking for Cedric for assistance!

Marissa Shaker
Marissa Shaker
GOOGLE
5-25-2020
Full Star Full Star Full Star Full Star Full Star
Kulwant Sharma
Kulwant Sharma
GOOGLE
5-25-2020
Full Star Full Star Full Star Full Star Full Star
Steve Fales
Steve Fales
GOOGLE
5-25-2020
Full Star Full Star Full Star Full Star Full Star
Syed Hassan
Syed Hassan
GOOGLE
5-25-2020
Full Star Full Star Full Star Full Star Full Star

Great dealership with excellent customer service and long hours.

Read More
  • Features
  • Specs

Features

Features

  • Comfort
  • Interior
  • Exterior
  • Safety
  • Mechanical
  • Technology

Comfort

Air Conditioning

Front air conditioning sun sensor climate control, automatic climate control
Front air conditioning zones dual
Humidity/dewpoint sensors
Air filtration

Convenience Features

Autonomous lane guidance lane centering
Cupholders front, rear
Steering wheel tilt and telescopic
Adaptive cruise control
One-touch windows 2
Reading lights front
Cargo area light
Power steering
Retained accessory power
Power windows lockout button
Steering wheel mounted controls audio, cruise control, phone, multi-function, paddle shifter, voice control
Rearview mirror manual day/night
Push-button start
Vanity mirrors dual illuminating
Power outlet(s) 12V front
Assist handle rear, front
Center console front console with armrest and storage
Storage front seatback, door pockets
Ambient lighting
Multi-function remote proximity entry system, trunk release

Comfort Features

Floor mat material carpet
Dash trim simulated alloy
Shift knob trim leather
Steering wheel trim leather
Armrests rear folding, rear center with cupholders
Floor mats rear, front
Floor material carpet

Interior

Steering

Steering ratio 15.3

Seats

Driver seat power adjustments height, 8, lumbar, reclining
Passenger seat heated
Driver seat heated
Rear headrests 3, adjustable
Passenger seat manual adjustments 4, reclining
Front headrests 2, adjustable
Upholstery leatherette
Rear seat type bench
Rear seat folding
Front seat type sport bucket

Seatbelts

Seatbelt pretensioners front
Seatbelt force limiters front
Emergency locking retractors rear, front
Seatbelt warning sensor front
Rear seatbelts 3-point
Front seatbelts 3-point

Exterior

Roof

Moonroof / Sunroof tilt/slide, one-touch open/close, anti-trapping, remotely operated, power glass, sliding sunshade

Lights

Daytime running lights LED
Taillights LED
Headlights LED, wiper activated, auto delay off, auto on/off

Tires and Rims

Wheels aluminum alloy
Tire type performance, all season
Tire Pressure Monitoring System
Spare tire kit tire sealant

Windows

Window defogger rear
Front wipers variable intermittent
Power windows safety reverse, remotely operated
Laminated glass acoustic

Exterior Features

Front bumper color body-color
Mirror color body-color
Door handle color body-color
Grille color chrome
Exhaust tip color chrome
Rear bumper color body-color
Window trim chrome

Safety

Safety

Camera system rear multi-view
Rearview monitor in dash
Autonomous braking
Pre-collision warning system audible warning, visual warning
Lane keeping assist
Child safety door locks
Child seat anchors LATCH system
Body side reinforcements side impact door beams
Emergency interior trunk release
Impact absorbing bumpers
Lane deviation sensors
Crumple zones front, rear

Mirrors

Side mirror type driver side spotter mirror
Side mirror adjustments power, manual folding
Side mirrors heated

Airbags

Airbag deactivation occupant sensing passenger
Side airbags front
Front airbags dual
Side curtain airbags front, rear
Side-curtain airbag rollover sensor

Security

Anti-theft system audio security system, engine immobilizer, alarm with remote
Power door locks anti-lockout, auto-locking
2-stage unlocking doors

Mechanical

Drivetrain

Drive mode selector
Axle ratio 3.94

Brakes

Rear brake type disc
Rear brake diameter 11.1
Front brake diameter 12.3
Front brake type ventilated disc
Braking assist
Electronic brakeforce distribution
ABS 4-wheel
Power brakes

Suspension

Front suspension classification independent
Rear suspension classification independent
Front struts MacPherson
Rear suspension type multi-link
Rear spring type coil
Front spring type coil
Front suspension type lower control arms
Rear shock type gas
Front shock type gas
Rear stabilizer bar diameter 15 mm
Front stabilizer bar diameter 20 mm

Stability and Traction

Stability control
Traction control
Hill holder control

Engine

Battery maintenance-free

Technology

Audio System

Auxiliary audio input Bluetooth, jack, USB, iPod/iPhone
Radio touch screen display, AM/FM
Internet radio app Pandora
Antenna type mast
In-Dash CD single disc, MP3 Playback
Total speakers 6
Speed sensitive volume control

Telematics

Driver assistance app roadside assistance
Smart device app function maintenance scheduling
Wireless data link Bluetooth

In Car Entertainment

Infotainment screen size 5 in.

Instrumentation

Instrument cluster screen size 4.2 in.
Trip computer
Clock
Gauge tachometer
Compass
Digital odometer
External temperature display
Multi-function display
Fuel economy display MPG, range
Warnings and reminders low oil level, low fuel level, maintenance due, tire fill alert
Trip odometer 2

Specs

Specs

Drive Type

Drive Type FWD

Seating

Standard Seating 5
Max Seating 5
Head Room (front) 38 in
Head Room (rear) 35.9 in
Hip Room (front) 50.3 in
Hip Room (rear) 51.7 in
Shoulder Room (front) 55.6 in
Shoulder Room (rear) 53.6 in
Leg Room (front) 42.3 in
Leg Room (rear) 34 in
Seating Rows 2

Measurements of Size & Shape

Length 182.2 in
Width 70.6 in
Width (without mirrors) 70.6 in
Height 55.6 in
Wheelbase 105.1 in
Ground Clearance 5.3 in
Track Width (front) 59.4 in
Track Width (rear) 60.2 in

Measurements of Weight

Gross Vehicle Weight Rating 4001 lbs
Gross Vehicle Weight Range 4001-5000 lbs
Curb Weight 3095 lbs

Truck Specifications

Max Payload 906 lbs

Interior Dimensions

Cargo Volume 12.4 cu ft
Passenger Volume 89.3 cu ft

Performance Specifications

Turning Circle 36.8 ft

Fuel Tanks

Fuel Capacity 13.2 Gallons

Wheels and Tires

Front Tire Type P215/45R17 87V
Front Wheel Diameter 17.0 x 7.0 in
Rear Tire Type P215/45R17 87V
Rear Wheel Diameter 17.0 x 7.0 in

Current Inventory

There are currently no 2019 Acura ILX 4dr Sedan for Sale in inventory

Disclaimer

We make every effort to provide accurate information but please verify options and price with management before purchasing. All vehicles are subject to prior sale. All financing is subject to approved credit. Dealer installed options are additional. Stock photo colors, options and trim levels may vary. Not responsible for typographical errors. Published price subject to change without notice to correct errors and omissions or in the event of inventory fluctuations. Vehicles may be in transit to dealer. Vehicle photos may not match exact vehicle. Please call to confirm availability status. All prices exclude taxes, title, license, and dealer processing fee of $799.00.

Government 5-Star Safety Ratings are part of the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration’s (NHTSA’s) New Car Assessment Program. For additional information on the 5-Star Safety Ratings program, please visit www.safercar.gov.

Based on model year EPA mileage ratings. Use for comparison purposes only. Your mileage will vary depending on driving conditions, how you drive and maintain your vehicle, battery pack age/condition, and other factors.

World’s Largest Acura Dealer based on 2004-2019 AHM New Acura Volume Sales.

1. The system/LDW/Lane Departure Warning (LDW) only alerts drivers when lane drift is detected without a turn signal in use. LDW may not detect all lane markings or lane departures; accuracy will vary based on weather, speed and road condition. System operation affected by extreme interior heat. Driver remains responsible for safely operating vehicle and avoiding collisions.

2. Always visually confirm that it is safe to drive before backing up; the rearview camera display does not provide complete information about all conditions and objects at the rear of your vehicle. Driver remains responsible for safely operating vehicle and avoiding collisions.

3. Based on 2019 EPA mileage ratings. Use for comparison purposes only. Your actual mileage will vary, depending on how you drive and maintain your vehicle, driving conditions, battery pack age/condition (hybrid only) and other factors.